projected
This identifier is as used by the information source but has been superseded by the INSPIRE identifier.
European Commission Joint Research Centre "Map Projections for Europe". http://www.ec-gis.org
2019-07-17
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/crs/EPSG/0/3034
ETRS89-extended / LCC Europe
Use formally limited to ETRS89 area of continental Europe but extended for pan-European analysis at small scales. ETRS89 / UTM used for conformal mapping at scales larger than 1:500,000. ETRS89 / LAEA used for statistical applications at any scale.
Europe - European Union (EU) countries and candidates. Europe - onshore and offshore: Albania; Andorra; Austria; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czechia; Denmark; Estonia; Faroe Islands; Finland; France; Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy; Kosovo; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Monaco; Montenegro; Netherlands; North Macedonia; Norway including Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Poland; Portugal including Madeira and Azores; Romania; San Marino; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain including Canary Islands; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom (UK) including Channel Islands and Isle of Man; Vatican City State.
-35.58
44.83
24.60
84.17
OGP
2019-07-17
false
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/area/EPSG/0/2881
Europe - LCC & LAEA
Conformal mapping at scales of 1:500,000 and smaller.
conversion
European Commission Joint Research Centre "Map Projections for Europe". http://www.ec-gis.org
2010-03-01
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/coordinateOperation/EPSG/0/19985
Europe Conformal 2001
TMzn used for applications at scales larger than 1:500,000. LAEA (code 19986) used for statistical mapping.
Europe - European Union (EU) countries and candidates. Europe - onshore and offshore: Albania; Andorra; Austria; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czechia; Denmark; Estonia; Faroe Islands; Finland; France; Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Hungary; Iceland; Ireland; Italy; Kosovo; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Monaco; Montenegro; Netherlands; North Macedonia; Norway including Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Poland; Portugal including Madeira and Azores; Romania; San Marino; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain including Canary Islands; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; United Kingdom (UK) including Channel Islands and Isle of Man; Vatican City State.
-35.58
44.83
24.60
84.17
OGP
2019-07-17
false
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/area/EPSG/0/2881
Europe - LCC & LAEA
Single projection for all Europe. Used for conformal mapping at scales of 1:500,000 and smaller.
EPSG guidance note #7-2, http://www.epsg.org
2018-08-29
true
false
true
For Projected Coordinate System NAD27 / Texas South Central
Parameters:
Ellipsoid Clarke 1866, a = 6378206.400 metres = 20925832.16 US survey feet
1/f = 294.97870
then e = 0.08227185 and e^2 = 0.00676866
First Standard Parallel 28°23'00"N = 0.49538262 rad
Second Standard Parallel 30°17'00"N = 0.52854388 rad
Latitude False Origin 27°50'00"N = 0.48578331 rad
Longitude False Origin 99°00'00"W = -1.72787596 rad
Easting at false origin 2000000.00 US survey feet
Northing at false origin 0.00 US survey feet
Forward calculation for:
Latitude 28°30'00.00"N = 0.49741884 rad
Longitude 96°00'00.00"W = -1.67551608 rad
first gives :
m1 = 0.88046050 m2 = 0.86428642
t = 0.59686306 tF = 0.60475101
t1 = 0.59823957 t2 = 0.57602212
n = 0.48991263 F = 2.31154807
r = 37565039.86 rF = 37807441.20
theta = 0.02565177
Then Easting E = 2963503.91 US survey feet
Northing N = 254759.80 US survey feet
Reverse calculation for same easting and northing first gives:
theta' = 0.025651765 r' = 37565039.86
t' = 0.59686306
Then Latitude = 28°30'00.000"N
Longitude = 96°00'00.000"W
http://www.opengis.net/def/method/EPSG/0/9802
Lambert Conic Conformal (2SP)
Note: These formulas have been transcribed from EPSG Guidance Note #7-2. Users are encouraged to use that document rather than the text which follows as reference because limitations in the transcription will be avoided.
To derive the projected Easting and Northing coordinates of a point with geographical coordinates (lat,lon) the formulas for the one standard parallel case are:
E = EF + r sin(theta)
N = NF + rF - r cos(theta)
where
m = cos(lat)/(1 - e^2 sin^2(lat))^0.5 for m1, lat1, and m2, lat2 where lat1 and lat2 are the latitudes of the two standard parallels.
t = tan(pi/4 - lat/2)/[(1 - e sin(lat))/(1 + e sin(lat))]^(e/2) for t1, t2, tF and t using lat1, lat2, latF and lat respectively.
n = (loge(m1) - loge(m2))/(loge(t1) - loge(t2))
F = m1/(n t1^n)
r = a F t^n for rF and r, where rF is the radius of the parallel of latitude of the false origin.
theta = n(lon - lon0)
The reverse formulas to derive the latitude and longitude of a point from its Easting and Northing values are:
lat = pi/2 - 2arctan{t'[(1 - esin(lat))/(1 + esin(lat))]^(e/2)}
lon = theta'/n +lon0
where
r' = +/-[(E - EF)^2 + {rF - (N - NF)}^2]^0.5 , taking the sign of n
t' = (r'/(aF))^(1/n)
theta' = atan2 [(E- EF),(rF - (N- NF))]
(see implementation notes in GN7-2 preface for atan2 convention)
and n, F, and rF are derived as for the forward calculation.
Note that the formula for lat requires iteration. First calculate t' and then a trial value for lat using
lat = ?/2-2atan(t'). Then use the full equation for lat substituting the trial value into the right hand side of the equation. Thus derive a new value for lat. Iterate the process until lat does not change significantly. The solution should quickly converge, in 3 or 4 iterations.
52
EPSG guidance note number 7.
1999-09-09
false
The latitude of the point which is not the natural origin and at which grid coordinate values false easting and false northing are defined.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8821
Latitude of false origin
10
EPSG guidance note number 7.
1999-09-09
false
The longitude of the point which is not the natural origin and at which grid coordinate values false easting and false northing are defined.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8822
Longitude of false origin
35
EPSG guidance note number 7.
2009-06-02
true
false
For a conic projection with two standard parallels, this is the latitude of one of the parallels of intersection of the cone with the ellipsoid. It is normally but not necessarily that nearest to the pole. Scale is true along this parallel.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8823
Latitude of 1st standard parallel
65
EPSG guidance note number 7.
2009-06-02
true
false
For a conic projection with two standard parallels, this is the latitude of one of the parallels at which the cone intersects with the ellipsoid. It is normally but not necessarily that nearest to the equator. Scale is true along this parallel.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8824
Latitude of 2nd standard parallel
4000000
EPSG guidance note number 7.
1999-09-09
false
The easting value assigned to the false origin.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8826
Easting at false origin
2800000
EPSG guidance note number 7.
1999-09-09
false
The northing value assigned to the false origin.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8827
Northing at false origin
geographic 2D
EPSG. See 3D CRS for original information source.
2018-02-16
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/crs/EPSG/0/4258
ETRS89
Has been realized through ETRF89, ETRF90, ETRF91, ETRF92, ETRF93, ETRF94, ETRF96, ETRF97, ETRF2000, ETRF2005 and ETRF2014. This 'ensemble' covers any or all of these realizations without distinction.
Europe - onshore and offshore: Albania; Andorra; Austria; Belgium; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Cyprus; Czechia; Denmark; Estonia; Faroe Islands; Finland; France; Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Kosovo; Latvia; Liechtenstein; Lithuania; Luxembourg; Malta; Moldova; Monaco; Montenegro; Netherlands; North Macedonia; Norway including Svalbard and Jan Mayen; Poland; Portugal; Romania; San Marino; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom (UK) including Channel Islands and Isle of Man; Vatican City State.
-16.1
40.18
32.88
84.17
OGP
2019-07-17
false
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/area/EPSG/0/1298
Europe - ETRS89
Geographic Information.
ellipsoidal
OGP
2015-05-22
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/cs/EPSG/0/6422
Ellipsoidal 2D CS. Axes: latitude, longitude. Orientations: north, east. UoM: degree
Coordinates referenced to this CS are in degrees. Any degree representation (e.g. DMSH, decimal, etc.) may be used but that used must be declared for the user by the supplier of data. Used in geographic 2D coordinate reference systems.
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/106
Lat
north
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/107
Lon
east
geodetic
EPSG
2018-02-16
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/datum/EPSG/0/6258
European Terrestrial Reference System 1989
Has been realized through ETRF89, ETRF90, ETRF91, ETRF92, ETRF93, ETRF94, ETRF96, ETRF97, ETRF2000, ETRF2005 and ETRF2014. This 'ensemble' covers any or all of these realizations without distinction.
Geographic Information.
Fixed to the stable part of the Eurasian continental plate and consistent with ITRS at the epoch 1989.0.
1989-01-01
Cartesian
OGP
2001-04-29
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/cs/EPSG/0/4500
Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: northing, easting (N,E). Orientations: north, east. UoM: m.
Used in projected and engineering coordinate reference systems.
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/44
N
north
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/43
E
east