projected
Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research (SCAR) Geospatial Information Group.
2005-04-14
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/crs/EPSG/0/3294
WGS 84 / USGS Transantarctic Mountains
Antarctica - Transantarctic mountains north of 80°S.
149.83
174.01
-80
-68.6
Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research (SCAR).
2014-05-01
false
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/area/EPSG/0/3081
Antarctica - Transantarctic mountains north of 80°S
Medium scale studies and topographic mapping.
conversion
Dr Cheryl Hallam, USGS, Reston, Virginia via Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research (SCAR) Geospatial Information Group.
2005-04-14
true
false
76
40
S
79
20
S
http://www.opengis.net/def/coordinateOperation/EPSG/0/17294
USGS Transantarctic Mountains
Antarctica - Transantarctic mountains north of 80°S.
149.83
174.01
-80
-68.6
Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research (SCAR).
2014-05-01
false
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/area/EPSG/0/3081
Antarctica - Transantarctic mountains north of 80°S
USGS mapping of Transantarctic mountains.
ISO 1000.
1995-06-02
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/uom/EPSG/0/9001
metre
Also known as International metre. SI standard unit.
length
0
EPSG guidance note #7-2, http://www.epsg.org
2001-06-05
false
true
For Projected Coordinate System NAD27 / Texas South Central
Parameters:
Ellipsoid Clarke 1866, a = 6378206.400 metres = 20925832.16 US survey feet
1/f = 294.97870
then e = 0.08227185 and e^2 = 0.00676866
First Standard Parallel 28°23'00"N = 0.49538262 rad
Second Standard Parallel 30°17'00"N = 0.52854388 rad
Latitude False Origin 27°50'00"N = 0.48578331 rad
Longitude False Origin 99°00'00"W = -1.72787596 rad
Easting at false origin 2000000.00 US survey feet
Northing at false origin 0.00 US survey feet
Forward calculation for:
Latitude 28°30'00.00"N = 0.49741884 rad
Longitude 96°00'00.00"W = -1.67551608 rad
first gives :
m1 = 0.88046050 m2 = 0.86428642
t = 0.59686306 tF = 0.60475101
t1 = 0.59823957 t2 = 0.57602212
n = 0.48991263 F = 2.31154807
r = 37565039.86 rF = 37807441.20
theta = 0.02565177
Then Easting E = 2963503.91 US survey feet
Northing N = 254759.80 US survey feet
Reverse calculation for same easting and northing first gives:
theta' = 0.025651765 r' = 37565039.86
t' = 0.59686306
Then Latitude = 28°30'00.000"N
Longitude = 96°00'00.000"W
http://www.opengis.net/def/method/EPSG/0/9802
Lambert Conic Conformal (2SP)
Note: These formulas have been transcribed from EPSG Guidance Note #7-2. Users are encouraged to use that document rather than the text which follows as reference because limitations in the transcription will be avoided.
To derive the projected Easting and Northing coordinates of a point with geographical coordinates (lat,lon) the formulas for the one standard parallel case are:
E = EF + r sin(theta)
N = NF + rF - r cos(theta)
where
m = cos(lat)/(1 - e^2 sin^2(lat))^0.5 for m1, lat1, and m2, lat2 where lat1 and lat2 are the latitudes of the standard parallels.
t = tan(pi/4 - lat/2)/[(1 - e sin(lat))/(1 + e sin(lat))]^(e/2) for t1, t2, tF and t using lat1, lat2, latF and lat respectively.
n = (loge(m1) - loge(m2))/(loge(t1) - loge(t2))
F = m1/(n t1^n)
r = a F t^n for rF and r, where rF is the radius of the parallel of latitude of the false origin.
theta = n(lon - lon0)
The reverse formulas to derive the latitude and longitude of a point from its Easting and Northing values are:
lat = pi/2 - 2arctan{t'[(1 - esin(lat))/(1 + esin(lat))]^(e/2)}
lon = theta'/n +lon0
where
r' = +/-[(E - EF)^2 + {rF - (N - NF)}^2]^0.5 , taking the sign of n
t' = (r'/(aF))^(1/n)
theta' = arctan [(E- EF)/(rF - (N- NF))]
and n, F, and rF are derived as for the forward calculation.
2
2
-78
EPSG guidance note number 7.
1999-09-09
false
The latitude of the point which is not the natural origin and at which grid coordinate values false easting and false northing are defined.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8821
Latitude of false origin
162
EPSG guidance note number 7.
1999-09-09
false
The longitude of the point which is not the natural origin and at which grid coordinate values false easting and false northing are defined.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8822
Longitude of false origin
-76.666666666667
EPSG guidance note number 7.
2009-06-02
true
false
For a conic projection with two standard parallels, this is the latitude of one of the parallels of intersection of the cone with the ellipsoid. It is normally but not necessarily that nearest to the pole. Scale is true along this parallel.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8823
Latitude of 1st standard parallel
-79.333333333333
EPSG guidance note number 7.
2009-06-02
true
false
For a conic projection with two standard parallels, this is the latitude of one of the parallels at which the cone intersects with the ellipsoid. It is normally but not necessarily that nearest to the equator. Scale is true along this parallel.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8824
Latitude of 2nd standard parallel
0
EPSG guidance note number 7.
1999-09-09
false
The easting value assigned to the false origin.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8826
Easting at false origin
0
EPSG guidance note number 7.
1999-09-09
false
The northing value assigned to the false origin.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8827
Northing at false origin
geographic 2D
EPSG. See 3D CRS for original information source.
2007-08-27
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/crs/EPSG/0/4326
WGS 84
World.
-180
180
-90
90
OGP
2001-06-05
false
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/area/EPSG/0/1262
World
Horizontal component of 3D system. Used by the GPS satellite navigation system and for NATO military geodetic surveying.
ellipsoidal
OGP
2008-06-23
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/cs/EPSG/0/6422
Ellipsoidal 2D CS. Axes: latitude, longitude. Orientations: north, east. UoM: degree
Coordinates referenced to this CS are in degrees. Any degree representation (e.g. DMSH, decimal, etc.) may be used but that used must be declared for the user by the supplier of data. Used in geographic 2D coordinate reference systems.
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/106
Lat
north
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/107
Long
east
geodetic
NIMA TR8350.2 June 2004 revision. http://earth-info.nga.mil/GandG/publications/tr8350.2/tr8350_2.html and
http://gis-lab.info/docs/nima-tr8350.2-addendum.pdf
2013-06-15
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/datum/EPSG/0/6326
World Geodetic System 1984
EPSG::6326 has been the then current realisation. No distinction is made between the original and subsequent (G730, G873, G1150 and G1674) WGS 84 frames. Since 1997, WGS 84 has been maintained within 10cm of the then current ITRF.
Satellite navigation.
Defined through a consistent set of station coordinates. These have changed with time: by 0.7m on 29/06/1994 (G730), a further 0.2m on 29/01/1997 (G873) and a further 0.06m on 20/01/2002 (G1150) and on 8/02/2012 (G1674).
1984-01-01
Cartesian
OGP
2001-04-29
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/cs/EPSG/0/4400
Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: easting, northing (E,N). Orientations: east, north. UoM: m.
Used in projected and engineering coordinate reference systems.
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/1
E
east
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/2
N
north