projected
Petrobras
2011-11-23
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/crs/EPSG/0/5641
SIRGAS 2000 / Brazil Mercator
Brazil - offshore - equatorial margin.
-51.64
-32.43
-5.74
7.04
OGP
2014-05-01
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/area/EPSG/0/3896
Brazil - equatorial margin
Oil and gas regional exploration.
conversion
Petrobras
2012-01-06
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/coordinateOperation/EPSG/0/5640
Petrobras Mercator
Brazil - offshore - equatorial margin.
-51.64
-32.43
-5.74
7.04
OGP
2014-05-01
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/area/EPSG/0/3896
Brazil - equatorial margin
Oil and gas exploration and production.
This was the method name used prior to October 2010. However it is ambiguous as it is also applicable to variant C (method code 1044).
EPSG guidance note #7-2, http://www.epsg.org
2010-11-03
true
false
true
For Projected Coordinate System Pulkovo 1942 / Mercator Caspian Sea
Parameters:
Ellipsoid Krassowski 1940 a = 6378245.00m 1/f = 298.300
then e = 0.08181333 and e^2 = 0.00669342
Latitude of first SP = 42°00'00"N = 0.73303829 rad
Longitude of natural origin = 51°00'00"E = 0.89011792 rad
False Eastings FE = 0.00 m
False Northings (at equator) FN = 0.00 m
Forward calculation for:
Latitude = 53°00'00.00"N = 0.9250245 rad
Longitude = 53°00'00.00"E = 0.9250245 rad
gives
ko = 0.744260894
Easting E = 165704.29 m
Northing N = 5171848.07 m
Reverse calculation for same easting and northing first gives :
t = 0.336391288
chi = 0.921795958
Latitude = 53°00'00.000"N
Longitude = 53°00'00.000"E
http://www.opengis.net/def/method/EPSG/0/9805
Mercator (variant B)
Used for most nautical charts.
Note: These formulas have been transcribed from EPSG Guidance Note #7-2. Users are encouraged to use that document rather than the text which follows as reference because limitations in the transcription will be avoided.
The formulas to derive projected Easting and Northing coordinates are:
ko = cos(latSP1)/(1 - e^2*sin^2(latSP1))^0.5
where latSP1 is the absolute value of the first standard parallel (i.e. positive).
E = FE + a*ko(lon - lonO)
N = FN + a*ko* ln{tan(pi/4 + lat/2)[(1 - esin(lat))/(1 + esin(lat))]^e/2} where logarithms are natural.
The reverse formulas to derive latitude and longitude from E and N values are:
lat = chi + (esq/2 + 5e^4/24 + e^6/12 + 13e^8/360) sin(2chi)
+ (7e^4/48 + 29e^6/240 + 811e^8/11520) sin(4chi)
+ (7e^6/120 + 81e^8/1120) sin(6chi) + (4279e^8/161280) sin(8chi)
where chi = pi/2 - 2 arctan t
t = B^((FN-N)/a*ko)
B = base of the natural logarithm, 2.7182818...
and ko is calculated as for the forward transformation above.
lon = ((E - FE)/a*ko) + lonO
-2
EPSG guidance note number 7.
2009-06-02
true
false
For a conic projection with two standard parallels, this is the latitude of one of the parallels of intersection of the cone with the ellipsoid. It is normally but not necessarily that nearest to the pole. Scale is true along this parallel.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8823
Latitude of 1st standard parallel
-43
Abbeviated as "CM".
Abbreviation for "Central Meridian".
EPSG guidance note number 7.
2002-06-22
false
The longitude of the point from which the values of both the geographical coordinates on the ellipsoid and the grid coordinates on the projection are deemed to increment or decrement for computational purposes. Alternatively it may be considered as the longitude of the point which in the absence of application of false coordinates has grid coordinates of (0,0). Sometimes known as "central meridian (CM)".
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8802
Longitude of natural origin
5000000
This alias applies only in the case of projection methods which have an axis positive west, e.g. Transverse Mercator (South Orientated).
EPSG guidance note number 7.
2002-07-31
false
Since the natural origin may be at or near the centre of the projection and under normal coordinate circumstances would thus give rise to negative coordinates over parts of the mapped area, this origin is usually given false coordinates which are large enough to avoid this inconvenience. The False Easting, FE, is the value assigned to the abscissa (east or west) axis of the projection grid at the natural origin.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8806
False easting
10000000
This alias applies only in the case of projection methods which have an axis positive south, e.g. Transverse Mercator (South Orientated).
EPSG guidance note number 7.
2002-07-31
false
Since the natural origin may be at or near the centre of the projection and under normal coordinate circumstances would thus give rise to negative coordinates over parts of the mapped area, this origin is usually given false coordinates which are large enough to avoid this inconvenience. The False Northing, FN, is the value assigned to the ordinate (north or south) axis of the projection grid at the natural origin.
http://www.opengis.net/def/parameter/EPSG/0/8807
False northing
geographic 2D
EPSG. See 3D CRS for original information source.
2011-07-27
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/crs/EPSG/0/4674
SIRGAS 2000
Replaces SIRGAS 1995 system for South America; expands SIRGAS to Central America.
Central America and South America, onshore and offshore. Brazil - onshore and offshore.
-122.19
-25.28
-59.87
32.72
OGP
2014-05-01
false
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/area/EPSG/0/3418
Latin America - SIRGAS 2000 by country
Horizontal component of 3D system.
ellipsoidal
OGP
2008-06-23
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/cs/EPSG/0/6422
Ellipsoidal 2D CS. Axes: latitude, longitude. Orientations: north, east. UoM: degree
Coordinates referenced to this CS are in degrees. Any degree representation (e.g. DMSH, decimal, etc.) may be used but that used must be declared for the user by the supplier of data. Used in geographic 2D coordinate reference systems.
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/106
Lat
north
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/107
Long
east
geodetic
Name of pre-February 2001 still used by some.
IBGE Brazil, http://www1.ibge.gov.br/
2011-07-27
true
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/datum/EPSG/0/6674
Sistema de Referencia Geocentrico para las AmericaS 2000
Realised by a frame of 184 stations observed in 2000 and adjusted in the ITRF2000. Includes ties to tide gauges. Replaces SIRGAS 1995 system for South America; expands SIRGAS to Central America. Name changed in 2001 for use in all of Latin America.
Geodetic survey.
ITRF2000 at epoch 2000.40.
2000-01-01
Cartesian
OGP
2001-04-29
false
http://www.opengis.net/def/cs/EPSG/0/4499
Cartesian 2D CS. Axes: easting, northing (X,Y). Orientations: east, north. UoM: m.
Used in projected and engineering coordinate reference systems.
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/41
X
east
http://www.opengis.net/def/axis/EPSG/0/42
Y
north